To recapitulate some
history, from a slightly different, panoramic viewpoint,
using Steiner's insights into the interplay of individual and
The ruling Time Spirit,
since 1879 AD, is now the Sun-Archangel Michael (the
"Countenance of Christ").
His previous rulership
encompassed the time of Aristotle and
Michael is the administrator of Cosmic
Intelligence, and a promoter of cosmopolitanism.
to Plato had been living spiritual beings, attainable in
His pupil Aristotle put this pictorial
wisdom into conceptual thoughts, suitable for the age of lost
clairvoyance; Alexander carried this Greek thought-culture
into the wider world -- both in the service of
But this ancient Greek thinking was not
experienced as coming from within the Man; it was rather
experienced as coming, like perceptions, from the outside, a
Later, this Aristotelianism
was carried over to Jundi Sabur, and thence into
Perhaps the most brilliant and
influential proponent of this Arabian culture were the Caliph
Haroun al Rashid and his associates, in the Eighth Century
This culture was, as indicated above, brilliant in
a way, but was also anti-evolutionary in that it failed to
appreciate the Christ-Impulse and was infected with the
Sorat/Ahriman influence from Jundi Sabur.
time the cosmic Intelligence began to "fall to earth", out of
the rule of Michael and in the "heads" of Men, the Pan-Intelligence becoming individualized, personal
This process was a preparation for what
was to culminate after the dawn of the Consciousness Soul
Epoch in the Fifteenth Century: that Men were to experience
their thoughts as coming from within themselves, as a
personal intelligence in individual freedom.
In 869 AD
the fateful Eighth Ecumenical Council in Constantinople
declared to be heretical the doctrine of "trichotomy": that
the Man is body, soul and spirit -- thus effectively
"outlawing the spirit" in Western Christendom, and plunging
West-European Mankind ever more deeply into material
While this Council was happening on earth,
in the soul/spirit world Haroun al Rashid and his associates,
who had recently died, conferred with the individuality of
Aristotle and associates: Alexander and the "Aristotelians",
together with the "Platonists" and the Knights of Arthur's
In this meeting Aristotle and his
associates resolved to bring to earth a renewed and
Christianized wisdom suitable for the epoch of individualized
intelligence of the Consciousness Soul, but al Rashid and his
party remained opposed to this
Subsequently, on earth, the Arabian
impulse was carried forward by philosophers such as Avicenna
and Averroës, who upheld a decadent and retrogressive
quasi-Aristotelianism, which denied human-spiritual
individuality surviving death.
And the Platonists
descended to earthly incarnation, through the Twelfth
Century, as teachers of the Christianized Nature-wisdom of
the School of Chartres.
(This wisdom later inspired
Bruno Latini, and consequently his pupil Dante.)
the Thirteenth Century the Aristotelians incarnated into the
Dominican Order, wherein, with the help of the Platonists
then in the spirit-world, they upheld the doctrine of human-individual intelligence and immortality, in the subtle
conceptual thinking of the Scholastic "Realists", as against
the Arabian philosophers.
The greatest of the
Scholastics was Aristotle himself, incarnated as Thomas
Aquinas, the proponent of the reality of Pan-Intelligence in
the form of concepts -- the "universals" -- and of the
reality of human-individual experience of
-- After the end of Medieval culture and
the beginning of the Consciousness Soul Epoch, al Rashid
himself incarnated as none other than Francis Bacon, the
fountainhead of modern, Ahrimanic
(Paradoxically, Bacon was inspired by a
high Initiate, who also inspired Shakespeare, Jacob Boehme,
and Jacob Balde. [Karmic Relationships, Vol. II]
Again: evolution is not a simple, two-sided conflict between
"good" and "evil" -- in a way, a nominalistic-empirical
science "had to" enter cultural development.)
intends to make the now-earthly human intelligence entirely,
overly individualized and personal, so that it degenerates
into mere cleverness, driven by lower instincts and divorced
from universal reality.
But while Baconian science
gained ground on earth, in the spirit/soul world the
Platonists and Aristotelians convened in a "school" under the
leadership of Michael.
This school prepared the
impulses which were to appear later on earth as the renewing
and enlivening of culture in the coming Michael
(Meanwhile, in the Fifteenth to Eighteenth
Centuries, Ahriman had convened a "school" of his own, for
the purpose, among others, of preparing his human acolytes
for their coming incarnations, especially those in our
This school was "sub-earthly" in the sense that
it was beneath the earth's surface, and in the sense that it
was "sub-sensible" -- the opposite of
This heavenly gathering, around the
turning of the Eighteenth/Nineteenth centuries, culminated in
a mighty Ritual, while on earth the Romantic Movement brought
life into culture, before the deep descent into the
materialism of the later Nineteenth century.
in a previous incarnation had been a sculptor associated
closely with Plato.)
-- After 1879 the Aristotelians
were in incarnation (led, as Prokofieff and Lievegoed
maintain, by Aristotle/Thomas himself as Rudolf Steiner) and
brought to earth the content of the Michael School as
Anthroposophy ("spiritual science").
had been incarnated toward the end of the Nineteenth century
as the Goethean scholar Karl Julius Schröer, teacher of
Rudolf Steiner at the Technische Hochschule in
And, shortly before his death, Steiner
prophesied that the Aristotelians, together with the
Platonists, would again be on earth for the battle against
Ahriman at the end of the Twentieth Century.
who stand with full intensity within the Anthroposophical
Movement will return at the end of the century, and others
will then unite with them, for by this means the salvation of
the earth and earthly civilization from destruction must
eventually be settled.
This is the mission of the
Anthroposophical Movement...." [Karmic Relationships, Vol.
-- The troops are mustering; the armies are
forming for battle: The hosts of Ahriman against the
hosts of Michael.
Note: This struggle is
further complicated by the fact that, besides the coming
physical incarnation of Ahriman, a non-physical, ethereal
manifestation of Ahriman will occur, with the aim of
obscuring the appearance of the Ethereal Christ. This aim is
being furthered by the supra-Masonic, occult "power groups"
(or "brotherhoods") mentioned earlier.
"These brotherhoods of which I have just spoken, whose
aim is to banish the souls of men into materialistic spheres,
are also making it their aim to ensure that the coming of
Christ should pass by unnoticed in the twentieth century,
that His coming as an etheric Being should not be noticed by
This aim is developing under the influence of
a very definite idea, a very definite impulse of will, to win
the sphere of influence which should come to us through
Christ in the twentieth and later centuries, for another
being -- to conquer that sphere for another
These brotherhoods of the West do exist.
They aim to thwart the impulse of the Christ and put in his
place another individuality that has never appeared in the
flesh -- an etheric being of a strongly Ahrimanic nature."
[lecture of 18 Nov., 1917; quoted in Tradowsky's Kaspar
Hauser, . 198-9]
-- Prokofieff [in The Spiritual Origins of Eastern
Europe...], tries to explicate the inter-relations of
Sorat, Lucifer, and Ahriman -- thusly: The ethereal
Ahrimanic manifestation will be of a being still mightier
than the "Ahriman" who will incarnate in the flesh, an
ethereal "emissary" of the Sun Demon, Sorat.
"emissary" was the being who inspired the demonic impulse of
Jundi Shapur, and might "temporarily incorporate" in the
incarnated "Ahriman" in "the culminating moments of the
earthly activity of the latter".
(Sorat himself will
directly enter earthly evolution only in the distant
Further, this "emissary" works through
Luciferic spirits to inspire Jesuitism, through Ahrimanic
spirits to inspire the Western "brotherhoods", and directly
to inspire Bolshevism [and perhaps Nazism].
-- And [in
The Cycle of the Year...], Prokofieff tries to explain
the present crescendo of phenomena surrounding "UFOs" as
proceeding from these Western "brotherhoods" which seek to
"...conjure forth a spectral realm which will -- in
accordance with the intentions of this [ethereal,
Ahrimanic 'emissary'] Being -- be formed immediately
beneath the surface of the Earth in the region of its solid
and liquid elements....
That is, in that sphere where
during the fifteenth to the eighteenth centuries the sub-earthly Ahrimanic school began its operations....and from
which [sphere] the many so-called 'unexplained' phenomena of
our time, mistakenly ascribed to extra-terrestrial
influences, proceed." [pp. 299, 410]
As mentioned above,
these "brothers" seek to so harden their ethereal bodies as
to attain an "Ahrimanic immortality" for themselves in the
environment of the Earth, and to so harden the Earth as to
prevent it from passing over to the New Jupiter.
-- Tradowsky, in his more recent work Christ and
Antichrist gives a somewhat similar, and perhaps somewhat
differing, view: "...three stages [re Jundi
Shapur] are defined: Sorath, the Beast, as the impulse-giver;
an ahrimanic being as inspirer; a man, who, so to
speak, propagates and acts as the representative on earth of
With that an indication is given of the
co-operation between Sorath and the ahrimanic beings, which
have several characteristics in common." [pp. 21-2]
Tradowsky seems to see the 666-year rhythm as pertaining more
essentially to Sorat than to Ahriman.
Here is an
excerpt from the same book, quoting Steiner's lecture to
priests of the Christian Community in Sept. 1924: "We
can say, as the writer of the Apocalypse would put it, that
before the Etheric Christ can be properly understood by
people, Mankind must have passed through the encounter with
the Beast, which will make its appearance in
At the end of the century  we
come to the time when Sorath again rises his head most
powerfully from the surrounding flood of evolution.
will oppose the vision of Christ which will appear in the
etheric world to those who are prepared to receive it in the
first half of the twentieth century..."
startling that Steiner named the exact year of Hitler's [and
FD Roosevelt's] accession to political power as the time of
the direct intervention of the Beast Sorat in earthly
Tradowsky comments: "...the present
situation [re Sorat] is far more dangerous [than in
1933], if only for the reason that people imagine that it
is less dangerous....
At present, however, the
situation is the reverse [vs. 1933].
is exposed to an inner undertow, which is so insidious
because it gradually creeps up on the soul unawares in tiny
steps, in such a way that truth and the reality of the
spiritual world become ever more shrouded in
Truly, it is so difficult to tackle such an
elusive foe because he does everything to remain
unnoticed." [pp. 48-9]
Tradowsky apparently sees the
present incursion of Sorat as distinct from the impending
incarnation of Ahriman, though both are closely
For some, this may seem a fine point, given
the horrific and tremendously critical nature of the
However, in the end it may not be a
superfluous distinction; we may need all the understanding we
can get, in order to face the crisis correctly.
I refer the reader to this excellent book, as well as to
Steiner's 1924 lectures, both now available in
Steiner sums up the nature
of the struggle between Michael and Ahriman for the formerly-cosmic and now-earthly Intelligence: "...in Ahriman there
stands before us a cosmic Being of the highest imaginable
Intelligence, a cosmic Being who has already taken the
Intelligence entirely into the individual, personal
"In every conceivable direction Ahriman is in
the highest degree intelligent, over-intelligent.
has at his command a dazzling Intelligence, proceeding from
the whole human being, with the single exception of the part
of the human being which in the human forehead takes on human
"To reproduce Ahriman in human Imaginations we should have to
give him a receding forehead, a frivolously cynical
expression, for in him everything comes out of the lower
forces, and yet from these lower forces the highest
"If ever we let ourselves in
for a discussion with Ahriman, we should inevitably be
shattered by the logical conclusiveness, the magnificent
certainty of aim with which he manipulates his
"The really decisive question for the
world of men, in the opinion of Ahriman, is this: Will
cleverness or stupidity prevail?
"And Ahriman calls
stupidity everything which does not contain Intelligence in
it in full personal individuality.
"Every Ahriman-being is over-endowed with personal Intelligence in the way I
have now described; critical ... in the repudiation
of all things unlogical; scornful and contemptuous in
"When we have Ahriman
before us in this way, then too we shall feel the great
contrast between Ahriman and Michael.
"For Michael is
not in the least concerned with the personal quality of
"It is only for man that the temptation
is ever-present to make his Intelligence personal after the
pattern of Ahriman.
"Truth to tell, Ahriman has a most
contemptuous judgment of Michael.
"He thinks Michael
foolish and stupid -- stupid, needless to say, in relation to
"For Michael does not wish to seize
Intelligence and make it personally his own.
only wills, and has willed through the thousands of
years, nay through the aeons, to administer the Pan-Intelligence.
"And now once more that men have the
Intelligence, it should again be administered by Michael as
something belonging to all Mankind -- as the common and
universal Intelligence that benefits all men
"We human beings shall
indeed do rightly...if we say to ourselves: the idea that we
can have cleverness for ourselves alone is
"Certainly we cannot be clever for ourselves
"For if we want to prove anything to another
person logically, the first thing we must presume if that the
same logic holds good for him as for ourselves.
for a third party it is again the same logic.
anyone were to have a logic of his own, it would be absurd
for us to want to prove anything to him by our logic."
[Karmic Relationships, Vol. III]
And, Steiner makes this
concept of "Intelligence" more concrete:
"What is Intelligence?
"These abstract generalisations
do not of course exist in reality.
means the mutual relationships of conduct among the higher
"What they do, how they relate
themselves to one another, what they are to one another --
this is Cosmic Intelligence.
"And since as men we must
first consider the Kingdom that is nearest to us, concretely
speaking the Cosmic Intelligence will be for us the sum-total
of the Beings of the Hierarchy of Angeloi.
"If we are
speaking concretely we cannot say 'so much Intelligence', but
rather 'so many Angeloi'.
"This is the
-- Around that fateful year of 869 AD there was a split in
the world of angels: the other six "Planetary Archangels",
which until then had been led by Michael, "rebelled" against
the Sun-rulership, taking with them their associated
Since the angels are the carriers of the
reincarnating human individualities, this split brought human
karma into "disorder"; much of the chaos in recent history is
the result of this schism.
And those Men whose angels
fell away from Michael "...receive their personal
Intelligence as a complete matter of course.
means that it works in them automatically, through their
"It works in such a way that they
think, think cleverly, but are not fully and deeply and
humanly concerned in what they think." [Karmic
Relationships, Vol. IV]
-- These now-earthly
angels can "incorporate" themselves into Men, the cleverest
ones who deny the spirit, when human consciousness becomes
impaired or dull: a very real kind of Ahrimanic
"Ahriman's perpetual endeavor is to appropriate the
intelligence of human beings and not allow them to realise
what they can achieve through their own
"Men must strive as time goes on to
keep their intelligence under their own individual control,
to keep unceasing watch over it....
full advantage of moments when, in full waking life, a man
falls into a state of vertigo or dizziness, into a kind of
twilight consciousness, when he feels not quite securely
anchored in the physical world and begins to yield himself to
the whirl of the universe, when he does not stand firmly and
steadily on his own feet as an individuality....
best way we can protect ourselves is to develop clear, exact
thinking, not simply skimming over things in thought as is
the general custom today.
"We should go even farther
and try to avoid colloquialisms and current catchwords, for
directly we use such words which come, not from thoughts but
from habits of speech, we are not exercising thinking -- even
if only for a very short time.
"These are particularly
dangerous moments because they are not heeded.
should really be careful to avoid using words behind which
there is not sufficient reflection." [The Occult Movement
in the Nineteenth Century . 170f.] It really does matter
how we use language!
[As I see it,
what is now happening in
Mankind is nothing less than a further Incarnation of logic
(the Logos, "Word"), which is Cosmic Intelligence.
"Word" is "becoming flesh" in the individualities of Men on
The Christ (Logos/logic) is indwelling
Ahriman -- the Spirit of Lies -- seeks
to falsify this intelligence by severing it from the Cosmos
and making it, and Mankind, entire earthly.
as logic (Logos) is universally true for all Men, an entirely
individual, subjective logic/intelligence is false -- a lie,
To think truly, as an individual being
with universal Intelligence, is a deed important for the
whole earth, for all Mankind.
This deed is an act in
the battle for the future of the earth, for Michael against
Ahriman, for the Cosmic Christ Who descended to become the
Spirit of the Earth.]
Again, Steiner says that
the time of decision is around the end of the Twentieth
We "will either stand at the grave of
civilization" or we will turn toward a spiritualized
We may face a scaled-down "War of All against
(This War is known to occultism as the
catastrophe that will end the Post-Atlantean Age, as the
Flood ended the Atlantean Age.)
We are given help
through the present Second Resurrection of Christ -- in the
consciousness of Men -- following the Second Crucifixion of
Christ by the materialism in the souls of the dead from the
Nineteenth Century onward.
We can now think angel-thoughts,
have Christ-thoughts and Christ-feelings on
This ability prepares, but is not to be confused with
the perception of the Ethereal Christ; this natural clairvoyance, which
was hindered in 1933 may again become possible, for we are living in
times which reflect the Deed of Abraham around 2000 BC.
He was the first Man to transform the old clairvoyance into
brain-thinking: the reflection of this event will be the freeing of
thought from the brain and transformation into free, conscious
[The "Kali Yuga" (Dark Age) ran approximately from 3101 BC
to 1899 AD; the first millenium of this age was the "Age of Abraham".
The loss of natural clairvoyance which took place in the first
millenium of the Dark Age is now being reversed, this reversal having
begun (approximately) in 1899 AD and is continuing into the third
millenium AD. (see Steiner's lecture of 6 March, 1910)]
There will be no real social healing unless
Men allow the Christ into their souls.
To outward appearances, the
Christ-influence might seem so weak, and the Ahrimanic
influence so strong, that we might lose heart.
can take heart by ever recalling that the greatest, most
powerful event of our times is the coming of the Ethereal
Christ. It is the unseen driving force behind the visible
depredations of the Adversaries.
A new clairvoyance is
coming as a natural development; Ahriman seeks to divert it
into the earthbound, intellectual pseudo-thinking of the
hardened ethereal body, so that the Ethereal Christ passes by
Mankind unnoticed and others (Ahriman
and the false Ethereal Christ) are substituted in His
But cosmic wisdom in the human mind has power:
Men permeated by this wisdom -- spiritual science -- instill
horror into the Ahrimanic spirits.
If we meet the
Ethereal Christ and the earthly Ahriman consciously, with
spirit-will, both events will serve the good of Mankind and
The battle against Ahriman
in the West will require greater inner force than elsewhere
(as indicated, because the "spiritual geography" of the
American continent favors the Doppelgänger and
Ahrimanic spirits generally), therefore the gain from the
eventual victory can be all the greater.
be defeated in America, just as the Mexican black magician
was defeated by the Sun-being Vitzliputzli almost 2000 years
And we have the prophecy from Steiner that, while
the present American materialism is strong, it is youthful
and childlike; it is destined to be outgrown, into a
spiritualized culture -- during the sixth (Slavic)
The power Ahriman is great, especially in
America, but the power of Christ is greater.
Christ and His hosts (with Michael in the forefront) respect
and wait upon human freedom; and with freedom comes
If Men will consciously take up the
Christ-power, the earth can be won for the good.
Back to Table of
A note on some un-PC
terminology: The English language does not have as clear a
word for human being irrespective of sex as does, for
instance, the German language, which has Mensch in
contradistinction to Mann, which means (male)
I have decided to avoid, when seemly, the
use of the word human, for, as Terry Boardman has
pointed out, human has the same root as humus,
(soil, earth), whereas man has the same root as
The natural English word man, of
course, can mean either human being or (male)
man -- or at least it could before the advent of
The context would usually make the meaning
clear, but even disregarding PC considerations, confusion
still could sometimes happen.
So, one might use
human being to mean man in the sexless sense,
however, besides being awkward and cumbersome, this usage
does deny the wisdom contained in the natural English
language: that man means a creature having an
inherent spiritual principle (manas), not necessarily a
(male) man, still less a creature of the soil, of
-- So, I use Man, capitalized, to
mean human being, and Mankind to mean the
aggregate of human beings.
I usually use the
Man to refer to the individual, so as to avoid confusion
with the universal archetype, the Platonic Idea,
-- However, I do use the adjective
human; somehow, Manly just won't do.
But, after all, human is not altogether a "dirty
word", it is related to the Latin homo = man.